- This research group actively pursues research in the design, synthesize and modify (bulk or surface) materials for biomedical applications. A combination of natural, synthetic and tissue materials are used. Their goal is to engineer medical devices that would improve the well being of patients. They accomplish this is by studying the physical, chemical, mechanical, biological and controlled release properties as well as biocompatibility issues of biomaterials. They design and fabricate medical devices based on the biomaterials developed. They use computer modeling to predict and extrapolate behaviour of biomaterials and medical devices. The long term goal is to create replacement organs using cells harvested from patients via tissue engineering. Since the end result of their research is to be used in a medical environment, they work in close collaboration with clinicians in both the medical and dental fields. This ensures proper biomaterials are used and medical devices with the best clinical results are developed.
- Over the last few decades, synchrotron radiation has developed into an invaluable scientific tool for research in areas as diverse as archaeology, materials research, earth sciences, and biomedical research, to name a few, and a rapidly growing number of researchers from academia as well as from industry now use synchrotron techniques. They are committed to being a world-leading centre of excellence in synchrotron science and its applications by working with the scientific community to promote the use of synchrotron light, creating industrial partnerships and innovation, and engaging in scientific and educational outreach. The CLS is a critical tool for Canadian research and development, in such crucial sectors as environmental science, natural resources and energy, health and life sciences, and information and communications technology.
NRC Industrial Materials Institute
The National Research Council of Canada's Industrial Materials Institute (NRC-IMI) is focused on advanced materials formulation and processing. NRC-IMI's London site is the Centre for Automotive Materials and Manufacturing (CAMM), which serves as a gateway for NRC's automotive-related capabilities and facilities across Canada, as well as home to three research groups aimed at scalable, sustainable manufacturing technologies in the following areas:
- Laser Materials Processing
- Coatings and Surface Modifications
- Polymer Composites
NRC-IMI's expertise is valuable to many key areas of Canadian industry including: aerospace, transportation, biomedical, construction, nanomaterials, manufacturing technologies as well as metallurgy and plastics. Services for industrial clients include material and process development, testing, characterization, modelling and simulation.
- The Centre's mandate is to foster and encourage collaborative, interdisciplinary research. Some of the finest research in the physical and mathematical sciences in Canada has been accomplished through this Centre since its inception in 1973. This organization was formed to encourage research in areas of science which overlap more than one of the traditional disciplines.
- 49 Faculty Members, along with their research groups, are participants in the Centre for approximately 200 people. They include members who are active in research in the following departments/organizations:
Robarts Research Institute
Physics & Astronomy
London Regional Cancer Centre
- Research interests span a wide range of theory and experiment from mathematical physics through chemistry, physics, macro and micro-electronics to many aspects of the biosciences & medicine. Research between different departments and different faculties and between members and researchers in institutions worldwide is not replicated in any other institution … indeed the Centre is a rarity world-wide.
- Canadian Surgical Technologies & Advanced Robotics (CSTAR) is a collaborative research and education program of London Health Sciences Centre (LHSC), Lawson Health Research Institute (Lawson), The University of Western Ontario (Western) and St. Joseph's Health Care, London (St. Joseph's). CSTAR, a 22,500 square foot facility located in the Legacy Research Pavilion of LHSC, integrates research, development, preclinical and clinical testing, validation, commercialization and clinical implementation of Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) technologies and robotics. Through this integration, CSTAR 'closes the gap' between newly developed, effective MIS technologies and their implementation and routine use in clinical care.
- The primary research aim is to solve various industrial corrosion and environmental contamination problems. A recent focus has been the study of waste containers and waste forms for the disposal of high level nuclear wastes. The solution to such problems requires a combination of experimental and modelling approaches. Our experimental approach involves the application of a wide range of electrochemical techniques often under hostile conditions, such as high temperatures in the presence of aggressive environments. These methods are supplemented by various surface and near-surface analytical techniques, such as X-ray photoelectron (XPS) and Auger (AES) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and neutron reflectometry (NR).
- The Laboratory for Stable Isotope Science (LSIS) conducts research across the range of stable isotope science, including bioarchaeology, biology, ecology, environmental science, geochemistry, geology, hydrology/hydrogeology, meteoritics and paleoclimatology.
- The nanofabrication laboratory is located in the Physics & Astronomy building at the University of Western Ontario. The lab is operated as an open facility on a user fee basis to foster, support and sustain advanced research in biotechnology and nanotechnology in a wide range of disciplines including physics, engineering, chemistry, biology and medicine while maintaining a clean and safe working environment.
- DR. SUN's research is associated with materials science and surface science in general. Particular interests are currently concentrated on nanotechnology and clean energy. Specifically, Dr. Sun's and his group's research activities include synthesis of carbon nanotubes and metal oxide nanowires as electrodes for fuel cells and sensors.
- Dr. Sun's research group (called "Nano+Energy@Western Group") is using various methods, including chemical vapor deposition (CVD), plasma enhanced CVD and template methods, to fabricate one-dimensional nanomaterials such as nanotubes and nanowires. These nanomaterials have been integrated into fuel cell and sensor electrodes to reduce their cost and improve their performance.
- The National Centre for Audiology provides an interdisciplinary environment within which to expand knowledge of hearing function, the needs of people with hearing impairment, and behavioral and technological methods to assist persons with hearing loss. The primary objectives of NCA are:
- to advance research for improved assessment and treatment of persons with hearing loss
- to understand the underlying basis of hearing disorders and to help prevent hearing loss
- to provide state-of-the-discipline clinical hearing health care services consultation with government agencies, professional and consumer associations and other agencies, and
- to improve hearing health care services and public education about hearing and hearing loss dissemination of knowledge about hearing loss, its prevention and treatment to educators, physicians and other professionals and directly to the public.
- The UWO Biomolecular NMR Facility houses three high field NMR instruments, two Varian INOVA 600 MHz and one UNITY 500 MHz spectrometers, and a variety of accessories that allow a large number of biological NMR experiments to be done. The facility has supported research projects that focus on calcium signaling, protein folding, enzyme catalysis, signal transduction, membrane structure and function, bone mineralization and "jumping genes".
Capabilities of the facility include:
- Characterization of small biological molecules
- Three-dimensional structure determination of soluble proteins in solution
- Drug and receptor interactions
- Protein dynamics
- Mapping of protein-protein binding interfaces
- Determine changes in protein conformation
- Mechatronics, as an engineering discipline, strives to optimally integrate mechanical, electronic and computer systems in order to create high precision products and manufacturing processes. As an interdisciplinary subject it has now evolved to incorporate optical, communication, and information technologies. In particular, optical sensing and data processing technologies are being integrated, at an accelerated rate, into mechatronic systems because these optical based technologies provide components for high precision, rapid information processing, and smart functions.
- The enhanced mechatronic technology can be utilized for a variety of applications that require precision sensors and actuators, optical-based process monitoring, robust control devices, intelligent vision systems, and high-density information storage devices. As a result of this evolution, products, processes and systems are becoming smarter, more accurate, and more human-friendly than those of the past, and these opto-mechatronic technologies will continue to play a leading role in the development of intelligent products and systems in the coming years.
- The Opto-Mechatronic Research Laboratory at the University of Western Ontario supports closer collaboration between international researchers, academics, manufacturers, and end-users of opto-mechatronic technology and invites individuals or organizations to meet with us and discuss their needs and experiences. Areas of interest to our researchers include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Optical methods for three-dimensional measurement
- Intelligent vision systems
- Optical -based human -machine interface techniques
- Smart sensors and actuators with opto-electronic components
- Smart systems that utilize optical properties of biological sensors and transducers
- Smart products that incorporate optical feedback
- Optical -based quality control
- The Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering at the University of Western Ontario (UWO) has a long history of excellence and achievement in the areas of particle technology dating back to the 1960s when Professor Maurice Bergougnou conducted his pioneering research in the fields of fluidization and ultra-fast pyrolysis reactions. Later on with the addition of Professors Cedric Briens, Jesse Zhu, Anand Prakash and Franco Berruti, the fluidization group grew in size and fame, both nationally and internationally. Since 1999, the Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering has expanded particle research to the areas of particle synthesis, industrial crystallization, nano-ceramics, nano-biomaterials, and pharmaceuticals. The Department of Chemical Engineer at UWO continues to be a world leader in the area of particle technology, powder handling, fluidization, crystallization and multi-phase flow systems. The Particle Technology Research Centre (PTRC) is dedicated to the advancement of research, innovation, and technological development and aims to establish and enhance research collaboration with other university research groups, research institutions and the industry. is the next step in the evolution of particle research at Western.
Nanotechnology has recently become a topic of great interest to the scientific community—the promise of nanoscience is its potential for revolutionizing the high tech, communications and medical industries. Having pinpointed the study of materials at the nanoscale as a top research priority, The University of Western Ontario has established the Western Institute for Nanomaterials Science (WINS) as yet another core research institute that represents these interests and strengthens the University’s research plan. WINS brings faculty from the Departments of Physics and Astronomy, Computer Science, Chemistry, Earth Sciences, Biology, Applied Mathematics, Engineering and Medicine and Dentistry together to integrate and strengthen their research efforts.
WINS trains the scientists and engineers working in the field of nanotechnology and has established a graduate program in Materials and Biomaterials Sciences.